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An extensive collection of over 1500 jewelry making terms and techniques.  Looking for the right word?  You’ll find it here!

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  • 100 FACET GEMSTONE
    A gem that has been carefully cut to have 100 facets.

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  • 3-IN-1 TOOL
    3-in-1 tool combines round nose with cutters and a flat pressing surface. This can be an economical way to start.

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  • 4 C's
    A universal grading system developed by GIA (Gemological Institute of America) to evaluate the quality of a diamond. The 4Cs are Carat, Color, Clarity and Cut.

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  • A JOUR
    Open setting that leaves the pavilion facets open to the light.

  • ABALONE
    A deposit made from inside a seashell, also called mother-of-pearl.

  • ABRASION
    A bruise or scratch on the surface of a stone.

  • ABRASIVES
    Grains of tough material that are pressed against a softer material to shape it. Typically these are particles of minerals or manmade substances that are attached to a backing of paper, fabric or plastic. Sandpaper is a common example.

  • ACCENT BEAD
    Similar to a focal bead, this is a bead that forms the focus or accent for a piece of jewelry, but on this occasion rather than through its size, it is usually through contrast. These beads will usually be an unusual shape, of a different color, or differing in pattern or texture.

  • ACID ETCHING
    This process involves engrossing the metal in an acid solution while protecting certain parts with a substance like wax or rosin, which is known as resist, in order to create a pattern on the metal's surface.

  • ACID TEST
    Acid test determines the purity of gold through the use of nitric acid and aqua regia.

  • ACIDIZING
    Acidizing refers to the treatment of diamonds with hot acids to clean them after mining or after cutting, specially to remove oxides or polishing residues from surface fissures.

  • ACRYLIC
    These are a man-made by using resin or thermoplastic to make molded plastic beads or having the material applied to the surface of beads to give them color or luster. Due to great improvements in technology acrylic beads are an economical alternative to glass and crystal, being durable and light.

  • ACTUAL GOLD CONTENT
    Actual gold content describes the amount of gold that exists in a metal object after subtracting all the alloys.

  • ADAMANTINE
    This refers to the surface luster and shine of a diamond.

  • ADAMAS
    The word Diamond comes from this ancient Greek word ‘Adamas’, which means unconquerable.

  • ADHESIVE
    Also known as bead cement or glue. Adhesives have a wide range of uses but are most commonly used to keep cord/thread knots from unraveling and keep small items such as beads in place.

  • ADHESIVE EAR POST
    An ear post with a flat surface, which is used with a 2 sided adhesive dot rather than solder or fusion for attaching an ornament part of the earring.

  • ADULARESENCE
    A blue-whitish form of opalescence.

  • AG
    The chemical symbol for silver.

  • AGATE
    Agate, a variety of Chalcedony Quartz, is found in various colors and patterns with 7 on Mohs hardness scale.

  • AIGRETTE
    A hair ornament consisting of feather plume or spray of glitter often accentuated by either a jewel or buckle. Worn in the hair or attached to head band.

  • AIGRETTE
    A hair ornament consisting of feather plume or spray of glitter often accentuated by either a jewel or buckle. Worn in the hair or attached to head band.

  • AIR COMPRESSOR
    A machine that pulls air from the atmosphere with a pump to make it available as a pnuematic force. Most compressors include a tank to store the compressed air so it can be used when needed.

  • AKOYA
    A pearl produced by the Japanese "Akoya" oyster.

  • ALEXANDRITE
    Alexandrite is a form of the mineral Chrysoberyl which is a very attractive and rare stone. It is 8.5 on Mohs hardness scale and mainly found in Russia, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Burma, Madagascar and USA. The most sensational feature about this stone is its surprising ability to change its color under different forms of light. Green or bluish-green in daylight, red in candle light, green in fluorescent light and reddish-purple in standard electric (tungsten) light.

  • ALLIGATOR STRAP
    A strap, usually for a watch, that is crafted from an alligator hide. The strap can be dyed or left natural.

  • ALLOY
    Combination of metals fused together; base metal mixed with precious ore to make it workable, to harden it, or to change its color.

  • ALLUVIAL
    Stones those have been sourced from alluvial deposits in river beds or transported by water and deposited in seas and lakes. Many gems, including diamonds, are found in alluvial deposits and Alluvial stones are usually of gem quality.

  • ALMOND
    Another name used to describe a marquise bead.

  • ALPACA
    It is a mixture of alloys, which is a substitute of silver, consisting of 55% copper, 20% nickel, 20% zinc, and 5% tin.

  • ALUMINUM
    A silver white metal that is lightweight and malleable.

  • AMBER
    The fossilized resin of prehistoric pine trees which ranges in color from golden to orange-red.

  • AMERICAN CUT
    Marcel Tolkowsky’s mathematically calculated ideal proportions and facet angles, to produce maximum brilliancy consistent with a high degree of fire in a round brilliant diamond or gemstone, are known as American Cut or Ideal Cut.

  • AMETHYST
    Ranked among the most precious stones until the eighteenth century when a large South American deposit was found. Its purple color is thought to be caused by iron and is still very popular.

  • AMORPHUS
    Lacking a definite form; shapeless.

  • AMULET
    A pendant or charm that is worn for protective magical power.

  • ANCHOR CHAIN
    A chain made of round, linked links of uniform size.  This tends to be what most people think of when they think of the word “chain”.  It is the same style chain as the cable used to anchor large ships to dock.

  • ANIMAL SHAPED
    Sometimes beads shaped like animals are used just for fun, or used as sports and school mascots. Other times, these shapes are called fetishes and are considered to have spiritual importance for the wearer.

  • ANKLET
    An anklet, also known as ankle bracelet, is a Jewelry ornament worn around the ankle. Anklets are more popular in women and used as a fashion ornament.

  • ANNEALING
    The process of using heat to relieve stress in metal. Annealed metal is commonly called “soft” though the proper term is “malleable.” The same word is used in glass to describe a slow carefully controlled cooling period after glass is formed.

  • ANNIVERSARY BAND
    Anniversary band is a popular type of ring usually given as a gift by husband to wife on their wedding anniversary. It contains a continuous row of diamonds or other gems of the same size and cut.

  • ANODIZED
    An anode is the positive end of an electrical circuit. In the anodization process, a metal object is placed in an acid bath and an electrical current is passed through the tank. The process causes oxygen atoms to bond to the surface of the metal giving it a thin, protective film and lustrous sheen.

  • ANTIQUE
    Any object that is 100 years or more old.

  • ANTIQUE JEWELRY
    Antique Jewelry refers to Jewelry which is made more than 100 years ago.

  • ANTIQUING
    Process of darkening the recessed areas of gold or silver jewelry to enhance the visibility of the engraving, thus lending the look of age. Platinum cannot be Antiqued.

  • APPRAISAL
    Appraisal is a written statement based on estimated retail replacement value of the diamond or gemstone or piece of Jewelry. Appraisal is mainly used for insurance purposes and should be updated after every few years.

  • AQUAMARINE
    Aquamarine is a verity of mineral Beryl. This is a fascinatingly beautiful gemstone found in colors like light blue of the sky to the deep blue of the sea. The more intense the color of an Aquamarine, the more value is put on it. Its hardness makes it very tough which comes in between 7.5 to 8 on Mohs hardness scale and it is mainly found in Brazil, Madagascar, Russia, Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Zambia, Mozambique and USA. Its name is derived from the Latin 'Aqua' (water) and 'Mare' (sea). Aquamarine is one of the most popular and best-known gemstones.

  • ARAGONITE
    A form of calcium carbonate, which constitutes a large portion of the pearl.

  • ARTFORM JEWELRY
    Jewelry that has been crafted by a jeweler or artisan using a mold.

  • ARTIFICIAL DIAMOND
    Artificial diamonds are produced by man in laboratory and mainly used in making artificial Jewelry.

  • ASIAN SYMBOL PENDANT
    A pendant that features an Asian character or word.

  • ASSAY
    The process of establishing the standards of purity of gold, silver, and other alloys to reach the required Legal standard without actually analyzing the total composition of the alloy. After successful assay, the article is hallmarked.

  • ASTERISM
    Asterism is the star effect that appears on some gemstones. This star effect is a reflection that appears as two or more intersecting bands of light across the surface of a gem. Usually asterism is found in Ruby, Sapphire and Garnet.

  • ATLAS BEAD
    Another term used to describe a tube bead with pentagon (five-sided) ends.

  • AU
    The chemical symbol for gold. Au is derived from Latin word ‘aurum’ for gold.

  • AVENTURESCENT
    Aventurescent gemstones are those which display a colorful play of sparkling reflections due to small metallic inclusions.

  • AX (AXE)
    A shape that resembles the blade or head of an ax.

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  • BABY BRACELET
    A bracelet designed to be worn by a baby or toddler. They are often given as christening gifts and engraved with the child's name.

  • BAGUETTE
    Narrow rectangular-cut stone.

  • BAIL
    A finding that is used to connect a pendant onto a necklace using clips, glue or a ring embedded in the pendant itself. It is meant to slide onto the chain rather than to be soldered to it so that the pendant can slide freely along the chain.

  • BALL
    Ball beads are a specific type of round (spherical) bead. The term can also be used to mean a cluster of stones or beads, for example, rhinestone balls and pearl balls.

  • BALL EARRINGS
    Earrings, generally with post friction backs that feature a ball or rounded stud at one side.

  • BALLERINA SETTING
    A setting that lifts the stone up from the shank. It is so named because the under gallery resembles a ballerina's tutu.

  • BALLOON
    This is another term for oval or egg-shaped beads.

  • BAMBOO
    Bamboo-shaped beads are tubes that are narrower in the middle and curve outward at both ends. This shape is also known as a dog bone.

  • BAND
    A band is a type of ring that possesses the same width all the way round and mainly used for wedding rings.

  • BANDEAU
    Head ornament in the form of a narrow band worn low, encircling the forehead.

  • BANGLE
    A bracelet made of solid or hollow metal, or wire. It may be a single piece that is placed over the hand to hang loosely or made with an integral hinge so that it can be opened and fastened around the wrist.

  • BAR LINK BRACELET
    A bracelet featuring only bar links.

  • BAR RING
    A ring wherein the entire band is made up of multiple bars. These rings often feature woven metal to connect the bars.

  • BAR SETTING
    A setting, similar to a split bezel setting, wherein two bars hold either side of a gemstone in place.

  • BAROQUE
    An irregularly-shaped bead characterized by extravagance, complexity or flamboyance. Related shape names include nuggets, cosmic, graphic and polygon.

  • BARREL
    A short, thick tube bead with slightly rounded edges. This shape is also known as a drum.

  • BARREL BEADS
    Barrel shaped that can be made of any material including glass, metal, plastic or wood.

  • BARREL CLASP
    A type of jewelry closure that resembles a barrel wherein the two pieces screw into one another to keep the piece secure. A clasp made of two parts that screw, snap or use magnets to come together to form a barrel shape. They are usually used to secure necklaces.

  • BARREL NUT
    A barrel-shaped clutch with a rubber-type insert that grips a pin; generally used for stickpins or earrings.

  • BARREL PENDANT
    A pendant shaped like a wooden cask or barrel.

  • BARRETTE
    Any ornamental bar with a pin and clasp mounted on the back, worn as a hair ornament.

  • BASE METAL
    Any metal other than gold, silver or platinum. Examples would include brass, bronze, copper and nickel.

  • BASKET SETTING
    An open-sided setting in which the lower portion of a stone is visible.

  • BAUBLE
    A small, showy ornament of little value; a trinket.

  • BEAD
    Bead is a small rounded element, made from a variety of materials, with a hole through it. Beads are commonly made from stone, shell, glass or plastic.

  • BEAD BOARD
    A bead board is a plastic moulded board covered in flock, and it is used to lay out jewelry while it is in the making process. There are individual compartments which allow the maker to set out all the necessary beads and findings, and there are measurements around the edge so that beads can be equally spaced as you go.

  • BEAD CAPS
    A pair of bead caps can be used to top and/or tail a bead. They are generally domed in shape to neatly fit round a bead. Bead Caps can be purely decorative or they can also be used to help cover up a large bead hole giving a neater finish.

  • BEAD CLASP
    A clasp mechanism that is hidden in a bead or pearl using a magnet, screw or tab to ensure a secure closure.

  • BEAD CONES
    A metal cone shape that is used to secure and cover the ends of several strands of beading.

  • BEAD MAT
    A bead mat is a soft, felt like mat which stops your beads from rolling about while you are jewelry making.

  • Bead Palette
    Bead Palette is the perfect tool for organizing and planning out your jewelry pieces. Create, necklaces, bracelets, earrings, and more with this handy palette. Use the dips to group your beads and findings and use the labels and lengths for perfect measurements!

  • BEAD PALETTE
    Bead Palette is the perfect tool for organizing and planning out your jewelry pieces. Create, necklaces, bracelets, earrings, and more with this handy palette. Use the dips to group your beads and findings and use the labels and lengths for perfect measurements!

  • BEAD PENDANT
    A pendant that is shaped like a bead.

  • BEAD REAMER
    Bead Reamer is a fantastic tool to have when jewelry making. This bead reamer is great for smoothing out rough edges around bead holes and work great on all different types of jewelry.

  • BEAD SETTING
    A setting wherein the gemstone is held with beads as opposed to prongs. The beads are set in place using a beading tool, and to the naked eye, it appears as though the stone is held by beaded prongs.

  • BEAD TIPS
    A great way of attaching thread to findings when making a beaded necklace. Simply pass your thread through the hole in the cup and then knot it and add a dab of glue so that it stays in place.

  • BEADED ANKLET
    An anklet that features glass or gemstone beads along a thread or metal wire. The anklet can be entirely set with beads from end to end or feature beaded stations.

  • BEADED GIRDLE
    Small or tiny, numerous, hair like fractures / cracks around the girdle extending into the stone.

  • BEADING NEEDLES
    These are essential if you are working with any type of thread. Hard needles have an eye no wider than the shank of the needle so they are very slim and will pass through the smallest of holes. Collapsible or large eye needles are easier to thread and they reshape as they pass through the bead. The higher the number of the needle, the finer it will be. The longer needles will curve when you use them, but many artists prefer them this way as it makes them more dexterous!

  • BEADING NEEDLES
    Beading needles are longer than standard sewing needles, enabling you to string multiples beads at the same time. It’s a great time saver when beading.

  • BEADING WIRE
    Very fine wires twisted together and covered with a smooth coating. The most common beading wire is made up of 7 strands of wire, but wires are also available made from 19 and 49 strands, these have better drape than the 7 strands. All have good strength, but can deform if jewelry is not looked after when stored. Beading wire will not knot, so you will need to use a crimp bead to finish designs or to space beads.

  • BEAN
    A cross between a barrel and an oval. A plump, roundish tube. This shape is also known as a rice shape.

  • BELCHER SETTING
    A ring mounting in which the claws for the setting are formed from the shank of the ring.

  • BELL CAP
    A metal cap that can be glued to the top of a bead or crystal to make it into a pendant.

  • BELL CLUTCH
    An earring's backing that works like a friction post. The back is shaped like a bell and when it slides onto the post, the extended length grips onto the earring. Often there is also a notch on the earring's post for extra security.

  • BELL CUT
    A type of gemstone cut wherein a stone is cut into a three-dimensional bell.

  • BELLY RING
    A type of body jewelry worn in or on the belly button.

  • BENT NOSE PLIERS
    These Bent nose pliers are perfectly curved to allow great control picking up and placing small items. The curved jaws make it perfect for working around obstructions.

  • BERYL
    Aluminum beryllium silicate. A group of minerals that includes both Emeralds and Aquamarine. The name beryl comes from ancient Greek word ‘beryllos’ which means precious blue-green color. This stone is available in a variety of colors including green, yellow, greenish-yellow, blue to blue-green, red, colorless and pink.

  • BETROTHAL RING
    A plain ring, without any stone, that is usually presented by a man to his fiancée, which shows his intention to marry her. This ring was mainly used in ancient Rome and other old cultures. In ancient Rome, called an annulus pronubus, these were metal rings without gemstone adornments given from a man to a woman to illustrate his intention to marry her.

  • BEZEL
    Setting for a stone that has a collar instead of prongs to secure the stone.

  • BEZEL CUP
    A type of setting designed to hold flat-backed stones in which the top of the setting is burnished over the stone to secure it in place. Generally available in plain edge, serrated edge, or rolled edge styles. Rolled edge styles require the stone be glued in place.

  • BEZEL FACETS
    On a round brilliant-cut diamond, these eight large, four-sided facets on the crown where the upper points join the table and the lower points join the girdle.

  • BEZEL PUSHER
    A tool used to press a bezel over a stone. The basic design is a squat tool with a bulbous handle and a short rod of steel or brass. The end should be smooth but not polished; clean up regularly with fine sandpaper to provide a little tooth.

  • BEZEL SETTING
    The earliest method of setting stones into a piece of jewelry. The bezel is a band of metal that has been shaped into the size of the gemstone to be placed. The setting is then soldered to the piece of jewelry and the prepared stone is placed into position.

  • BIB
    A set of long, tip-drilled beads that are graduated in length, with the longest bead in the center. Bibs are also known as a collars or fans.

  • BIB NECKLACE
    A necklace that covers the decollete similar to a hanker chief necklace. This style was popularized by Whiting and Davis.

  • BICONE
    A shape resembling two cones (smooth or faceted) joined at the base. The center can be rounded or have flat sides. This shape is also known as a hogan, especially if it is corrugated. Some people call this shape a rondelle (roundelle).

  • BICONE BEADS
    An extremely popular bead shape particularly when it comes to crystals! Bicones resemble two cones stuck together flat end to flat end, and they can be faceted or gently rounded.

  • BICYCLE CHAIN
    A jewelry chain that resembles the chain on a bicyle.

  • BIJOUTERIE
    Art of working in gold and enamel.

  • BIREFRACTION
    The difference between the lowest and highest refractive indices in doubly refractive gemstones.

  • BIRTHSTONE
    A birthstone is nothing but a gemstone only, which is associated with the date of one’s birth and the wearing of such birthstone is considered to bring good luck and health. Certain gemstones are believed to have Supernatural powers and their relationship with planets. Many cultures originally assigned a specific gemstone to signify birth during each sign of the zodiac but over the time this tradition has been shifted from the zodiac to calendar months. Following birthstones are assigned for every calendar month. January – Garnet, February – Amethyst, March – Aquamarine, April – Diamond, May – Emerald, June – Pearl / Alexandrite / Moonstone, July – Ruby, August – Peridot / Sardonyx, September – Sapphire, October – Opal / Pink Tourmaline, November – Citrine / Yellow Topaz, December – Turquoise / Tanzanite / Zircon / Blue Topaz.

  • BIWA PEARL
    Freshwater cultured pearl from Japan.

  • BIXBITE
    Strawberry-red, Beryl group.

  • BLACK DIAMOND
    Carbonado is a natural polycrystalline diamond that is usually found in alluvial deposits - sand and soil sediment deposited by running water often along river banks - in central Africa and Brazil. These diamonds are generally dark grey or black in color

  • BLACK HILLS GOLD
    Refers to jewelry that has been crafted in the Black Hills of South Dakota. It is characterized by 10 karat yellow gold pieces accented with 12 karat rose and green gold.

  • BLACK OPAL
    A dark colored opal with internal reflections of green or red.

  • BLACK SAPPHIRE
    Form of corundum with a black/green hue due to Fe and titanium impurities.

  • BLASTING
    A form of cleaning or refinishing a surface wherein a pressurized stream of a certain type of material (sand, glass, metal, ect) is used.

  • BLEMISH
    A flaw, spot or scratch on the surface of a gemstone.

  • BLENDING
    Blending is a process of smoothing rough areas of a metal piece to provide same plane or roundness and/or same surface finish.

  • BLISTER PEARL
    Irregularly shaped and hollow pearl cut from the shell of the oyster.

  • BLOOMED GOLD
    This term is used for gold Jewelry that has been engrossed in an acid bath to give slightly matte texture.

  • BLUE DIAMOND
    A diamond with blue color is very rare and valuable although fluorescence diamond that shows a blue color in daylight is comparatively common.

  • BLUE TOPAZ
    A topaz that is light brown or colorless when mined but turns a vivid blue when exposed to heat. Blue Topaz is an alternate birthstone for December.

  • BLUE WHITE
    A term that has been used for near white diamonds with strong blue fluorescence.

  • BODY COLOR
    A diamond's actual color which can be observed when examined under a diffused light against a hue less background. The diffused light eliminates glaring reflections and dispersion, which would otherwise confuse the color determination.

  • BODY JEWELRY
    Jewelry worn on various parts of the body including the eyebrow, lip, nose, belly button, nipple, cheek, labret, bridge of the nose, and more.

  • BOG OAK
    Wood that was preserved over thousands of years in the bogs of Ireland which was hard enough to be Carved and used as jewelry. Popular during Victorian times.

  • BOLD RING
    A large or glamorous ring that attracts attention. This style was popular during the costume jewelry craze in the 60s and 70s.

  • BOLO SLIDE
    A device that has a flat surface and tabs rolled into a tube formation on the back of the flat surface. The flat surface allows space to which the bolo ornament can be affixed, and the tubular formations allow the leather cord of the bolo to slide through, in turn making it a neckpiece.

  • BOLO TIP
    Long hollow conical shaped findings that are glued to the end of a bolo cord to prevent fraying of the cord.

  • BOLT RING
    A finding that is a hollow or partially hollow connecting ring which is drawn back on an internal spring.

  • BOMBE
    To curve or bulge outward.  Referring to a dome-shaped setting often seen in rings and earrings from the 1940s and 1950s.

  • BOOK CHAIN
    A style of chain with rectangular metal links where each link resembles a book.

  • BORAX
    A flux used in soldering.

  • BORT
    Industrial grade diamonds generally used as drill points.

  • BOW
    The ring or hoop on the pendant of a watch case for fastening the swivel of a watch chain; any bow-shaped ornament, flat or three-dimensional.

  • BOW TIE
    Another name for a barbell bead.

  • BOW TIE EFFECT
    An optical effect due to a shadowy area visible in some fancy shapes, caused by light leaking out from the bottom of the Diamond. This effect can be minimized by careful cutting using best proportions and angles.

  • BOX CHAIN
    A chain in which each link is wide and square so that it resembles a box.

  • BOX CLASP
    A box clasp is a type of fastener that contains a box with an opening, which is notched on the top of the box on the one end and a flat piece of metal, which is folded over to form a spring with a knob at the other end. The folded metal spring slips into the hole in the box with the knob sticking out through the notch in the top. The compressed spring holds the two ends in place and it is released by pressing the knob.

  • BOX SETTING
    A stone enclosed in a box-shaped setting with metal edges pressed down to hold the stone in place. Also referred to as Gypsy mounting.

  • BRACELET
    An ornamental band, hoop, or chain worn on the wrist or arm. Bracelets contain gemstones, rocks, wood and other precious material and these are usually made of a variety of material, including metal, leather, cloth etc.

  • BRACELET LINK
    A decorative piece often metal, having loops or rings on each end for linking with jump rings or connectors.

  • BRAGANZA GEMSTONE
    The braganza is a huge gemstone that may or may not be a diamond. This Portuguese stone is said to weigh 1680 carats (which would make it the largest-known diamond), but it has not been authenticated. It may acually be a clear topaz.

  • BRANCH
    A narrow, irregular shape that twists and curves like a tree branch or a branch of coral. Cupolini-style is a particular type of short branch shape. Branches are also known as sticks.

  • BRASS
    An alloy made up of roughly half copper and half zinc which has a nice yellow color.

  • BRAZING
    A form of joining in which a metal with a melting point very close to the parent metal is fused across a joint. In steel work, brazing refers to the use of brass as a joining metal. What we commonly call silver soldering is more accurately called silver brazing.

  • BRELOQUE
    A small item, such as a charm, designed to be suspended from a chain.

  • BRICK
    Another word for a rectangle bead.

  • BRIDAL JEWELRY
    Bridal Jewelry is a general term for Jewelry used in the wedding ceremony. It includes wedding rings, engagement rings, gifts for the bride or groom and gifts for the best man, maid of honor, ushers, bridesmaids and others taking part in the wedding ceremony.

  • BRIDAL SET
    An engagement and wedding ring that come in a set and usually match or compliment each other.

  • BRIDGE DESIGNED SEMI-MOUNT
    A type of semi-mount ring wherein the diamonds are set along the top of the rings shank. The feature stone, yet to be mounted, will then be placed atop the underlying diamonds as though it were a bridge.

  • BRIEFJES
    A special kind of paper, which is used to contain diamonds. This paper has several inner leaves of wrinkled bluish paper, which gives whiter look to the diamonds.

  • BRILLIANCE
    Relating to, or being a hue that has a strong combination of lightness and strong saturation. Refers to the amount of white light that reflects through or from the surface of a gemstone.

  • BRILLIANT CUT
    The standard round brilliant consists of a total of 58 facets: 1 table, 8 bezel facets, 8 star facets, and 16 upper-girdle facets on the crown and 8 pavilion facets, 16 lower-girdle facets and usually a culet on the pavilion or base. Although the brilliant style was devised to give maximum brilliancy and fire, many stones cut in this fashion do not have ideal proportions or angles for that purpose. Modifications of the round brilliant include such fancy shapes as the marquise, half moon, pear shape, and many others. See also Round Cut.

  • BRILLIANT-FULL CUT
    This cut has at least 32 facets plus the table on the upper part, and 24 facets on the lower part. Usually refereed to as a brilliant cut when talking about diamonds.

  • BRIOLETTE
    A teardrop or pear-shaped pendant with facets. Briolettes are always tip-drilled. This shape is also known as a faceted teardrop or faceted pear.

  • BRIOLETTES
    Pear or tear shaped beads or gemstones. They can be faceted or smooth.

  • BROACH
    Another term for pin. Broaches tend to have ornate designs and were often used to close cardigan sweaters.

  • BROKER
    A person who is a specialist in introducing diamond buyers and sellers and earns his commission on the value of deals done between diamond buyers and sellers.

  • BRONZE
    A very Dense and heavy alloy of 60% copper and 40% tin. It has a dull brown color and is not Favored for jewelry because of the weight.

  • BROOCH
    A Large pin; An ornamental piece of jewelry with a pin and clasp to be attached to clothing. From the French word "Broche," meaning to pierce or an object/weapon made for piercing.

  • BROOCH CONVERTER
    Over fits the brooch pin so that the brooch can dangle on a necklace.

  • BROWN DIAMOND
    A diamond with attractive or vivid brown color is rare and considered as fancy colored stone.

  • BRUISE
    An inclusion which consists surface crumbling and normally accompanied by tiny, root like feathers. This inclusion is usually caused by external trauma such as a knock or a blow.

  • BRUSHED FINISH
    A finish also known as Satin finish, is a texturing technique that can be used on metals where a series of tiny parallel lines are scratched onto the surface with a wire brush or Polishing tool.

  • BRUTING
    Bruting is the process of rounding a diamond to form its girdle. This is usually done by grinding one diamond against another on a rotating wheel. It is also known as girdling or rounding.

  • BUBBLE
    Any transparent inclusion which consists a tiny crystal or a grain of a different mineral.

  • BUBBLE RING
    A ring, often featuring blown glass, that features large spheres or orbs. Named simply because the ring resembles a bubble.

  • BUCKLE BRACELET
    A bracelet that features a buckle closure as opposed to a more traditional clasp like a toggle, lobster, or fishhook clasp. These bracelets are commonly made of leather or finely woven metal fibers.

  • BUCKLE RING
    Another term for strap ring wherein a ring's band is fashioned to resemble a watch band. These rings may or may not have functional buckles. The buckle and strap closure is often fixed.

  • BUFF TOP CABOCHON
    Style of stone cutting where the top of the gemstone is a dome (en cabochon) and the pavilion is faceted.

  • BUFFING
    Buffing is the process refers to the use of grease compound in combination with wheels to produce very smooth polished surface. It is the final step in professional finishing process.

  • BUGLE
    A narrower version of a tube, usually a glass bead. The surface can be smooth or twisted.

  • BUGLE BEADS
    Short thin tubes of glass which are usually less than 2mm thick. They are made by drawing out a long tube of glass and then cutting this it into shorter lengths.

  • BULLA
    Two concave plates that form a hollow receptacle, a form used in ancient jewelry.

  • BULLET CLUTCH
    A barrel-shaped clutch with a rubber or mechanical insert that grips an earring post.

  • BULLET CUT
    A special type of gemstone cut where the finished gemstone looks exactly like a bullet.

  • BULLION
    Bullion is a precious metal usually gold in form of bars containing at least 99.5% purity.

  • BULLION COIN
    Bullion coin is a precious metal in the form of coin which trades at a price close to spot. In other words, it has little or no numismatic value.

  • BUNCH RINGS
    Inexpensive rings with small center mountings for inexpensive stones. Generally sold in bunches intended to be worn together. Also known as stack rings or stackable rings.

  • BURN
    Burn refers to changes in metallurgical properties and other physical characteristics such as discoloration of the metal piece due to excessive temperature during grinding.

  • BURNISHING
    A finishing process of rubbing a softer metal (such as silver) with a harder material (such as steel or agate).

  • BURNT
    A facet may appear burnt or foggy, because of the cutter polishing the facet against the grain, or otherwise allowing the diamond to overheat causing the surface to oxidize.

  • BURR
    Burr refers to a sharp edge of metal which remains on the surface of metal after cutting and reforming.

  • BUTTERCUP SETTING
    Typically used for pendants and earrings, this deep, six-prong setting is shaped vaguely like the buttercup flower. The prongs are distinctly flared at the base, which has a scalloped outline when viewed from the top. Available in closed-back or open-back form. Also called a scallop setting.

  • BUTTERFLY CHAIN
    A chain composed of very tiny butterfly-shaped links with oval-shaped wings.

  • BUTTERFLY CLUTCH
    A fitting that slides onto the back of an earring post to secure it in place.

  • BUTTON
    Not to be confused with the sewing notion, this bead shape is similar to a coin when side drilled and a rondelle when center drilled. Button pearls tend to be slightly irregular, which can add to their appeal. They are typically slightly puffed on one side and slightly indented on the other (the way some buttons are designed). Some people call crystal rounds "buttons." Center-drilled button beads are also known as corn beads.

  • BUTTON LOOP TIE HOLDER
    A metal piece with an indent in the middle for slipping over the button that goes behind the tie. Also has a loop on each end for attaching a chain that goes in front of the tie.