Skip Navigation LinksHome > Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms

What does it mean? 

A beginners guide to common jewelry making words, terms, definitions, and lingo.

Glossary Term Definition
Abalone A lustrous  deposit  from inside a seashell, also called mother-of-pearl. 
Acrylic Various combinations of plastic materials to minimize the weight of the final jewelry.  Many plastic elements now look very similar to crystal and metal.
Agate A form of chalcedony which forms from layers of quartz usually showing varicolored bands.   The composition of agate varies greatly, but silica is always predominant.  Man made beads can have the appearance of agate.
Alexandrite  A variety of chrysoberyl. Named after Czar Alexander II, it is a color change stone that is green in daylight and light red in artificial light. 
Alloy An alloy is the homogeneous mixture  of two or more metallic elements.  In jewelry, combining different metals is commonly done to augment the color, hardness and/or luster of the resulting alloy. Brass and Bronze are examples of alloys. Sterling silver is alloy that is at least 92.5% silver.
Amber Amber is a fossilized resin from pine trees.  Amber deposits have been found that are  millions of years old.  As the sticky resin from ancient pine trees, sometimes with leaves or insects imbedded it them.  Amber exhibits a resinous luster.
Amethyst Amethyst is the purple variety of quartz. To be called amethyst, it must be the purple form of quartz although it can display a wide range of purple shades including purple, lilac and mauve. The most valuable amethyst is a deep purple.
Amulet A pendant or charm that is worn for a protective or magical power.
Antique Finish A chemical finish applied to jewelry to make it appear old. To apply a darkened gray/black, or brown or "oxidized" appearance to silver, copper or bronze to give it an aged patina. 
Art Deco  A style characterized by angular geometric shapes, zigzags, bold colors, molded or faceted Czech glass beads, plastics (like celluloid or Bakelite) and chrome, unlike the curves of the previous era. Also known as the geometric style that succeeded Edwardian jewelry beginning in the 1910s through the mid-1920's. Colored stones were utilized more, and the opaque stones such as jade, onyx and coral were set in geometric shapes. Sleek animals such as Borzoi and Greyhound dogs were featured in some designs. It started out with relatively delicate designs, and progressed to a more bold and blocky style also called Art Moderne.
Art Nouveau  A style also known as "Victorian" or "Edwardian" consisting of fluid lines, floral and nature themes and natural colors. Also known for its flowing style with sinuous curves and naturalistic motifs that was popular from about 1895 to 1905. A common motif was a women's head with flowing hair. 
Aurora Borealis (abbreviated AB) An iridescent coating put on beads that reflect the colors of the rainbow, similar to the light reflection on bubbles.
Baguette A gemstone cut in a narrow rectangular shape. Small gemstones cut this way are often used as accents.  A tapered baguette has one short end narrower than the opposite end, forming a trapezoid. 
Bail A loop-like attachment that can slide over, or be attached to a chain or cord to hold a pendant.  It can be a simple circle or a very ornamental shape. Some pins or brooches are supplied with removable bails. 
Bakelite  A synthetic patented in 1909, Bakelite, also called catalin, was used in jewelry extensively during the U.S. Great Depression of the 1930's. Bakelite can be molded, lathe-carved, and one color can be inlaid into another, as in polka dots. The inlaid and carved pieces are especially popular with collectors today. It has a distinct scent when rubbed to warm, somewhat like formaldehyde. Watch for both outright repros, and later plastics from the last 20-30 years that might be mistaken for Bakelite by the inexperienced. 
ball chain A series of small round balls hooked together to form a chain, as used on a dog tag. A ball chain has a fastener that is different, and is usually attached to the chain in manufacturing.
ball link chain A series of chain and then a ball, and chain and a ball for a decorative look.
Bangle A bangle is a rigid bracelet, usually with no clasp, that slips on over the wrist. Some bangles have a hinge to facilitate putting them on, but many are simply solid metal.  A new style of bangle is made with wire beads.
Baroque An irregular, rounded stone, glass or bead; also, an imitation pearl with an uneven or craggy shape and/or surface. 
Base metal, pot metal, white metal Any combination of alloys of non-precious metals.
Bead Board A  very handy jewelry work surface with measured grooves to show the length of a jewelry piece. You can lay out the design and see what the finished article will look like.  The surface often has pockets to keep your design elements from falling away.
Bead Cap A decorative rounded metal shape that fits partially over the ends of beads to give it a unique, decorative design look. 
Bead Embroidery The process of sewing beads onto a cloth, fabric, or paper backing to form an intricate design.
Bead Reamer A tool with a long, thin circular rough prong that is used like sand paper to clear or increase the hole in the beads.
Bead Sizer A tool with graduated holes in it  to help sort beads into the proper sizes.  It is sometimes in the form of a printed chart.
Beading Wire A specially designed wire made of several strands wound together to make it flexible and stronger for beading. It comes in different colors and sizes. It is normally secured on the ends with crimp tubes or crimp beads.
Bent nose pliers Pliers that have a narrow, beak shaped curve that makes it easier to get into tight areas while jewelry making.
Bezel Setting  A bezel setting is a technique of setting a stone in jewelry. The stone is held in place by first soldering the bezel, or metal ring, to the base of the piece. Next, the stone is inserted and the metal is compressed tightly around the stone.
Bi-Cone A popular bead shape, narrow at each end and wider in the center. From the side it appears diamond shaped, but is actually round.
Birthstone  The most common list today was first publicized by the U.S. jewelry industry in the 1950s.  The meanings of various stones goes back to biblical times.  The list of birthstones is as follows:
January - Garnet
February - Amethyst
March - Aquamarine
April - Diamond
May - Emerald
June - Pearl or Moonstone
July - Ruby
August - Peridot
September - Sapphire
October - Opal
November - Citrine or Topaz
December - Turquoise or Zircon 
Bookchain  A Victorian style of chain in which the links are rectangular, folded pieces of metal. Each link resembles a book. These book chains often had large lockets attached, and the whole piece was often elaborately engraved. They were made in gold, gold-filled and sterling silver. 
Brass An alloy of copper and zinc which has a nice  darker goldish color. Often used as the base metal for jewelry findings and artifacts.
Britannia or pewter A somewhat dull silver-colored alloy of tin, antimony, and copper.
Bronze A light brownish alloy of copper and tin. Often used in antique and Victorian style jewelry, and statuary because of it's durability. It is not used much in costume jewelry because it is very dense and therefore heavy.
Brushed Finish A soft, textured finish made by using a wire brush  to impart fine lines on the metal surface resulting in a matte finish  rather than highly polished surface. This is also known as a satin finish. 
Bulk Packaging Items that can be purchased in large volume packages rather than just a few at a time such as Gross measurement carrying 144 pieces, or mille containing 1000 pieces.
Cabochon  A stone with a rounded surface and flat back. This style is commonly used with opaque to translucent stones such as opal, moonstone, jade and turquoise. Less expensive stones such as amethyst and garnet are also sometimes used. A garnet cabochon is also referred to as a carbuncle. They can be placed in a metal frame finding or glued on a surface with decorative beading around them .
Cameo Cameos are carvings traditionally done on shell or stone where the design is carved in relief onto  a contrasting colored background. This is the opposite of the intaglio, where the carving is indented into the surface. 
Carat  Carat (ct.) (also sometimes spelled Karat) is the standard measure of weight used for gemstones. One carat weighs 0.2 gram. A hundredth of a carat is called a point. Note that karat is the term used to describe the fineness of gold.
Cast Made by a centrifugal method of casting metal which becomes thick and hard.
Ceramic Beads made from a clay source rather than glass, and often painted and baked with a colorful coating.
Chandelier A decorative jewelry finding, often used in earrings, made to connect jewelry parts together and hang beads from holes or loops at the bottom.  Comes in many shapes and sizes.
Channel set  A gem setting technique in which a number of square or rectangular stones are set side by side in a grooved channel. Unlike most setting methods, the stones are not secured individually, so there is no metal visible between the stones. 
Charms A decorative  jewelry finding that dangles and can be added to jewelry or clothing to add a theme. Comes in many popular, fun sizes and styles.
Choker A short, close fitting necklace; like a collar.  Average length is 16-17 in., but should always be measured on the person before securing the closure.
Citrine  A variety of quartz, citrine occurs in a color range ranging from light yellow to a brilliant orange that may be confused with fine imperial topaz. 
Clamp A finding with teeth on one side like alligator jaws, that is secured tightly over ribbon or leather ends to hold it in place.  The other side of the finding can usually be attached to a clasp.
Clasp A jewelry finding used to secure a jewelry piece for wearing.  There are many shapes and methods such as toggles, box clasps, spring rings, lobster claws and s-hooks.
Cone Ends A rounded, cone shaped jewelry finding that is larger on one end, that is used to join several bead  strands together for ease in attaching a clasp.
Connector A decorative jewelry finding that can have beads added on both ends,  or to connect jewelry elements together. It can dangle down for ear rings or connect sides of a necklace or bracelet.
Coral  Formed when small sea animals create living quarters, coral comes in colors ranging from vivid orange to palest pink. During the mid-Victorian large brooches of coral finely carved in high-relief floral sprays, or faces were popular. At the turn of the century, small natural pieces of branch coral or small cameos of coral were more popular. 
Crackled A decorative  bead finish that causes the glass or acrylic bead to appear to have textured cracks throughout, giving a different textured look to jewelry.
Crimp Bead Small, soft metal beads or tubes that are squeezed shut to form secure loops on threading material to add  onto clasps.  Often attached with a crimp tool.
Crimp Tool A handy tool made to flatten, and then roll the crimp bead for a softer, finished appearance while maintaining a tight hold on the wire to prevent it from coming loose.
Crystal A high density glass bead that may have usually has facets to reflect light.  They come in many shapes,  sizes, and colors, and have been a popular design element for centuries.
Crystazzi Cousin Brand of high end, lead crystals worthy of your finest designs.  Comes in many shapes, sizes and colors.  Because the lead is inside the glass, there is no danger when handling and wearing.
Curb chain A style of chain made by twisting the links to make the chain lay flat on a surface.
Cutters Tools used in jewelry making to cut various types of wire.  It is important to have the right cutters, as there are different hardness's of wire, and not all cutters work well with all wire. Memory wire is very hard, and needs parrot beak cutters.  Side cutters cut close to the jewelry.
Decoration Etched: Very faintly carved surface decoration
Lightly Carved: Faint carving
Medium Carved: Average depth carving
Deeply Carved: Deeper than average carving
Heavily Carved: Extremely deeply carved
Faceted: Carved with a regular pattern of facets
Grooved: Routed out in a line
Pierced: The material has been cut completely through
Inlaid: A space is routed out of the material, and a contrasting material is fitted into that space. Bakelite polka dot bracelets are an excellent example of inlay technique.
Dichroic Glass A decorative finish on glass using metal oxides to create varied metallic colors and patterns.
Domed A convex shape like the outside surface of a ball or sphere. This shape is often used in earrings, pendants and components of jewelry designs.
Donut Bead A flat, round bead with a hole in the center.  Creatively used, they can be interesting pendants and design elements.
Double Chain A chain that has 2 links together in every cell.
Double twist chain An intricate chain pattern where links are interwoven so one link interacts with 2 others, for a decorative and strong design.
Drop A bead or finding that hangs from the top and dangles downward.
Ear Post A finding for ear rings with a rigid post that goes horizontally through the ear and is secured by a metal ear ring nut on the back.  Beads can usually be hung from a loop to further enhance the finding.
Ear Wire A finding for earrings made from a u shaped wire inserted in the ear that stays in place by the balance of the beads hanging from the front. One of the most popular ear findings.
earring nut A flat metal finding that slips over the back of an  earring post to keep it in place.
e-bead A larger version of a seed bead, used for jewelry design. Shaped flat on the ends and more straight on the sides.  Sometimes called 6/0 seed beads. 
Electroplated A method of coating a metal alloy (mixture) with more pure metals by electrolysis. It is measured in microns, and can be very thin.  Gold filled is a much thicker coating. Electroplated jewelry needs to be stored where it will not be rubbing against other jewelry.
Emerald  A gemstone of the beryl family.  Fine emeralds are among the most valuable gemstones.  A valuable emerald will be a bright, vividly colored green. Those with a slight blue cast to the bright green are actually the most valuable color. If an emerald appears to be very fine, it may actually be a synthetic.
Enamel This is a technique used to add decorative color to metals. Made up of a vitreous pigment of metallic oxide mixed with powdered glass, it is heat fused to the surface of a metal like copper, bronze, silver, or gold under very high temperatures. The colors and transparency of the fused glass will depend on the metal oxides used and the temperature during firing.  
Engrave To decorate metal by gouging a design with graver's tools; embellishing metal or other material with patterns using a stamping tool or drill. This was a popular technique in mid-Victorian jewelry. The resulting depressions were often filled with colored enamel. Also refers to inscribing a dedication or monogram to identify a piece. Stamped pieces can be designed to imitate hand engraving. Under magnification, the design is much more sharp in a hand engraved piece, with subtle irregularities. 
extender chain An extender chain is added to one side of a jewelry closure giving several choices  to hook to the other end of the fastener, so the item can be made shorter or longer as needed.
Eye pin A straight length of wire with a loop at one end. It is used for stacking beads or linking beads together to form beaded chains.
Facet Flat polished surfaces cut on a gemstone which allows the cut stone to sparkle and reflect light. Diamonds, emeralds, sapphires, and rubies are normally faceted as well as crystal beads.
Faux  Pronounced: fo (like go) Faux is a French word used to describe something made to resemble something else. The original French word means false, fake, imitation or artificial. Faux marble looks like marble. Faux bois looks like wood. Faux porphyry looks like stone.
Filigree A technique used to produce fine intricate patterns in metal, similar to the look of lace. Often used for metal beads, clasps, and bead caps. 
Findings All types of fasteners, and construction components used in jewelry making. They vary greatly in style and composition and material.
Flat Back Crystal A shallow crystal that is flat on one side, made for gluing or ironing on flat surfaces such as costumes, gowns, or invitations.  Iron on crystals already have a adhesive on the back that responds to heat. Others are applied with glue chosen for it's compatibility with the material.
Flat chain A chain that has the links all the same direction so it lays flat on a surface.
Flat Nose Pliers A tool made for securely holding onto  jewelry finding elements while creating items.
Flush Cutters A jewelry wire cutter that is made to cut the wire very close to the jewelry piece.
Fob A short chain with a decorative seal or other device attached to the end. The fob and chain hung outside watch pocket, and could be used to pull the watch out of the pocket. 
Focal The name for the main design element that first catches the eye because if it's distinctive shape, size, color or texture.
Fold over ribbon ends Findings made by folding over flaps from the sides over the ribbon or leather ends to secure them and preparing them to be secured to the jewelry.
French Ear Wire Sometimes called Euro lever, a  popular style fishook shaped ear wire that has a latch on the back to close it, and prevent loss of the earring.
Freshwater Pearl  A natural pearl produced by a mollusk that inhabits freshwater, usually these pearls are shaped like an uneven grain of rice or larger.  
Garnet  A group of stones that share a similar chemical structure.  The garnet family includes pyrope, almandine, and demantoid, among others. 
Gauge The measurement for the thickness  of wire. The larger the number, the thinner the wire. 
Gemstones / Semi Precious and Precious Gemstones Today, the common definition of a gemstone is any stone, rock or mineral.  Some precious gems Include diamond, emerald and ruby.  Semi precious can be aquamarine or garnet.  They are often sorted by their purity and cut.
Genuine Truly what something is said to be; authentic: "genuine leather."
Gilt Gold plating.
Glass Pearls A glass bead that is dipped in a coating of ground pearl paint in a large variety colors.  Today's glass pearls have a beautiful luster and wide variety of colors, and the process greatly cuts the cost of using pearls in jewelry.
Gold A precious metal that does not oxidize or tarnish as most other metals do.  Gold is very malleable and can be melted and cast into both small and large objects. It is also forged into very thin sheets called gold leaf and used to cover the surface of less valuable ornaments.  Gold is alloyed with other metals like silver, copper or nickel to make it harder. The ratio of gold to other metals is what denotes the karat content. 
Gold plate  A thin layer of gold applied to base metal, usually by electroplating.  This is usually a very thin layer, only a few microns, which is likely to wear much more quickly than gold-filled. 
Gold Tone Gold colored or electro-plated, not gold as in measurable in karats.
Gold Washed "Gold washed" describes products that have an extremely thin electroplating of gold (less than .175 microns thick). This will wear away more quickly than gold plate, gold-filled, or gold electroplate. The gold is applied by either dipping or burnishing the metal, but it is not plated.
Gross Packaging 144 individual items in a package.  1 gross = 1 dozen dozens = 12 x 12 = 144
Head Pin A straight  length of wire with a flat head on one end to prevent beads from falling off. The head can be plain, a ball, or decorative. Comes in different lengths. Is usually attached by forming a loop in the other end and attaching to a chain or ear wire.
Hemp Cord or rope made from course plant fibers.  Fibers are longer than jute, making hemp a strong fiber for weaving and macramé.
Inlay Inlay is a decorative technique using stone, mother of pearl or even glass. It is embedded into another material such as metal or wood resulting in a level surface of the two materials. Inlay is used in jewelry with stones and in furniture with stone or different woods to create a design.
Iridescent An item displaying rainbow-like colors is called iridescent. Iridescence is caused by the reflection of light from the jewel. Mother of pearl is one example of iridescence used in jewelry.
Jewelry Ornaments worn by people on the body [Fr]; trinket; fine jewelry; costume jewelry, junk jewelry; gem, gemstone, precious stone. Forms of jewelry: necklace, bracelet, anklet; earring; locket, pendant, charm bracelet; ring, pinky ring; carcanet, chain, chatelaine; broach, pin, lapel pin, torque. 
Jewelry Hammer A small, lighter weight hammer made for more delicate projects.  Sometimes has rubber or softer caps so as not to scratch the findings.
Jump Ring A small wire ring, either round or oval, used to link elements of jewelry. Jump rings may be opened to assist in attaching them to other things, or a closed solid circle.
Jump Ring Ring A ring that goes on your finger that can open the jump rings easily by simple inserting them into a slot and twisting. It saves a  lot of time when doing things like chain mail or when using a lot of rings.
Jute A cord made from course fibers of a plant. Fibers are shorter than hemp, so it is not as strong for crafts such as macramé, but is popular for stringing beads.
Lariat A necklace without a clasp, worn looped around the neck with open ends that may be tied into a loose knot, fastened with a ring or a brooch, or tied with a "lariat loop".
Living Jewelry Jewelry materials derived from living organisms: pearl, cultured pearl, fresh-water pearl; mother of pearl; coral. 
Lobster Claw A closure finding shaped like a lobster claw with a spring loaded latch that opens and closes to attach to a chain or jump ring.
Long Nose Pliers A clamping type tool with a long, thin nose to be able to get between beads and in tight spots.
Looping Pliers A very useful tool with varied loop sizes and a flat side to assist in holding the item while you are wire wrapping.
Lucite  Popular in the 1940's for ladies purses and jewelry, Lucite is a clear, strong plastic that can be molded and carved. 
Luster A stone's luster is its glow or sheen, the result of the way it reflects light.  Luster is dependent on both the stone's surface (polish) and the reflective index of the mineral. Gemologists use many terms to describe luster such as pearly, metallic, silky, resinous, dull and waxy.
Macramé The art/craft of tying cordage into knots to form a useful or decorative shape.
Magnetic Clasp A two piece clasp holding one or two magnets that hold the two pieces together.
Mala A set of beads used by Hindus and Buddhists for prayer and meditation, similar to a Catholic rosary. Usually made of a loop of 108 beads.
Malachite A very soft stone which derives it's color from copper, and often displays green tones.
Marquise  An oval stone which is pointed at both ends, also called navette. Pronunciation is "Mar-KEYS".
Matte Finish The object that has a non-reflective surface, or brushed and does not appear highly polished.
Measurement Conversion Examples Length:  1 centimeter (cm) = 10 millimeters (mm)
                 1 inch = 2.54 centimeters  (cm)
Weight: 1 gram = .035 ounces (oz)
                 1 ounce = 28.249 grams (g)  
Memory Wire A coil of wire that remembers it's shape.  A strong tool made for cutting is required.
Metal Inlay Inserting of sheet metal or wire into a groove of a finished piece of metal.
Metallic The quality used to describe a gem with a luster similar to metal. Hematite, pyrite,  silver,  Gibeon Meteorites are some gems which display a metallic luster.
Millefiori Means "thousand flowers" in Italian.  A method of creating glass or clay beads with intricate patterns. 
Mini Hammer Approximately 6 inch long handle with a strong metal end, one side rounded and one flat.
Mirror Surface A highly reflective surface with no visible abrasion patterns.  Also can often be faceted.
Mixed Media Incorporate usually unrelated pieces, an example is sketching, coffee grounds, beads and oil glazing as you create  gorgeous art. 
Monofilament A thin translucent single fiber plastic cord.
Navette An oval stone which is pointed at both ends.  Also referred to as Marquise.
Needle Nose Tool Has slightly serrated jaws that taper to a fine grip, to hold wire, make 90 degree angles, open and close loops, also for squeezing crimps flat.
Nickel silver A white metal mixture of copper, zinc, and nickel which contains no silver.
Nylon Jaw Pliers Tool with nylon covered jaws used to reduce scratching of a surface.
Nylon Thread Multi-strand nylon beading cord ideal to use with seed bead work.
Opal An opaque stone, it can have many imbedded colors, often considered the October birthstones.  
Opaque An opaque gem is one that does not allow light to pass through it, is not transparent or translucent.  Examples: lapis, turquoise, and malachite 
Open-work A piece of jewelry that has open areas, see-through, similar to filigree cut. 
Parrot Beak Cutter A tool with strong by-pass cutting jaws that will handle the toughest wires like Memory wire and floral wire.
Patina Refers to an object's surface coloration, often from natural aging due to oxidation, age or wear, or the application of chemicals to enhance the design. 
Pave'  (pah-VAY) very tightly set stones, a gem setting technique in which the stones are set low and very closely spaced, so that the surface appears to be paved with gemstones.
Pearl  A natural pearl is round and forms when a salt water oyster is irritated by a substance that gets into its shell.  By man purposefully inserting a mother-of-pearl bead, a cultured pearl is formed. A pearl that forms attached to the shell is a blister pearl, while a pearl that forms a half dome is a mabe (pronounced mah-bay) pearl. Pearls that are irregularly shaped rather than round are referred to as baroque and can be from fresh water.   Man-made glass pearls are coated with a variety of colors.
Pendant The piece of jewelry or an object which is the focal point in the project.
Pewter Pewter items are described and marked as such if they contain at least 90% tin. Also, a somewhat dull silver-colored alloy of tin, antimony, and copper.
Pin / Pendant A piece of jewelry that may be worn as either a pin or brooch or as a pendant. Sometimes this is accomplished by slipping a small tube with an attached bail over the pin stem when the piece is to be worn as a pendant. In other cases, the bail is hidden on the back of the piece just above where the pin stem is located.
Platinum Platinum is the rarest of the three solid precious metals (platinum, gold and silver). It is harder than gold or silver making it more durable for jewelry purposes. It has a whiter color than silver and is resistant to oxidation (tarnish).  
Platinum Plate A layer of platinum applied to the outside of a base metal object.
Posts Long thin ends of an earring that go through the ear.  An earring nut is needed on the back.
Precision Comfort Comfortable to grip handles with spring leaf action that reduces fatigue from repetitive use.
Prong Individual prongs (fingers ) of a mounting that hold a stone in place in a setting.
Reconstituted A term applied to stones which are man made by using small chips, powder and ground up low grade stones, binding or fusing them with a plastic resin (epoxy) and compressing them into blocks. The blocks are then cut into beads, cabochons, and slabs.  Reconstituted turquoise is manmade from pulverized pieces of turquoise that are stabilized and compressed with plastic resins to which dye is added.
Resin Strong, light weight, durable, available in many colors, a versatile material used in making beads.
Retro  A recent designation for the period in the forties when stylized geometric forms were the rage.  
Rhinestone A glass stone, facetted to imitate a diamond. In German, it is called Strass, after the man who popularized it.
Rhodium  A metal that is part of the platinum family. Silver, gold, and even base metals were often Rhodium plated during the 30's and 40's to give them the white, shiny look associated with platinum. Genuine rhodium in raw state is liquid. Although in the platinum family of metals, it is not the same as platinum which is a solid precious metal.
Rhodium-plating A thin plating of rhodium, which is one of the members of the platinum family, applied over either sterling or other alloy to give a bright, shiny, long-lasting silver-colored finish to a piece.
Rondelle A bead that features multiple facets that reflect light, creating a gleaming, dazzling effect.
Rosary A particular configuration of beads and components used in the Roman Catholic religious belief. A number of rosary forms have occurred over time, General term refers to prayer beads.
Round Nose Pliers A tool with two conical prongs that go from thicker to finer cones ending in two fine points that are excellent for forming loops and curves in wire.
Ruby  May refer to a red color stone or bead.  The natural precious gemstone ruby is a member of the corundum family.  The first synthetic ruby was created in the 1890's.  The July Birthstone.
S Hook Clasp Double side hook clasp shaped like an S.
Sapphire  A rich blue color.  Recognized as the September Birthstone. 
Satin Finish Fine lines across the surface of an object.
Scoring Using a tool to form a groove.
Seed Bead Refers to a very small round bead. These are strung on cord or wire, used in intricately woven jewelry, incorporated with larger beads, or in long fringed necklaces. 
Seed Pearl  Refers to a very small round pearl or a very small imitation pearl, or f.pearl. These were strung on horsehair and used in intricately woven jewelry during the early-mid Victorian period. In the late Victorian period accents set into gold jewelry.  During the Edwardian period, they were sometimes woven into long fringed necklaces called sautoirs. 
Shamballa A round epoxy clay bead shape set with pave crystals, drilled through for stringing. 
Shank The portion of a ring that encircles the finger.
Side Cutter A tool with slanted cutting jaws.
Silver Filled An outer coating of 10% .925 sterling silver bonded by electricity to an inner core of base metal.
Silver Plate A thin outer coating of .925 sterling silver bonded by electricity to an inner core of base metal.
Silver Tone Silver colored, plated or coated, not sterling silver.
Solder Used with flux to fuse two metals together.
Spacer Bar Used to hold multiple strands of beads in alignment, inserted at intervals while stringing beads.
Spilt Ring Plier A tool with one straight and one curved point used to easily open split rings.
Spiral A curve that revolves around a central point.  
Split Ring Small base metal finding resembling a key-ring.
Stainless Steel A naturally strong, hard and durable metal that does not tarnish, oxidize and is anti-allergic.
Starter Pack An assortment of basic items needed to begin various projects, such as findings.
Sterling Silver Sterling is silver with a fineness of .925 parts per thousand or 92.5% silver and 75 parts per thousand or 7.5% copper. Copper is added to the alloy to increase the silver's hardness.
Storage Containers for keeping items securely separated.
Strand A method of stringing beads or objects together with cord used for display purposes.
Stretch Cord A strong, clear and opaque stretch elastic cord. 
Suede Lace Faux Man made stringing material having the appearance of Leather Suede.
Swarovski A delicate crystal material often used in fashion jewelry.  Avoid contact with harsh chemicals.
Tarnish Tarnish is the term applied to metal that has discolored due to oxidation or corrosion. Sterling silver can be cleaned easily with a soft cloth and cleaning products designed to clean metal. Never use toothpaste to clean jewelry as it is too abrasive and will result in fine scratches that dull the metal surface. Jewelry stored in dark, dry places or stored in bags or boxes with tissue paper will experience less tarnish.
Tear Drop Shape A term for a bead or stone narrow at the tope, larger on the bottom, can be top or side drilled.
Tiara A decorative headpiece worn in the front of the hair.
Tiger Tail A commonly used stringing material, and does not require a needle.
Toggle Clasps Toggle clasps are used to secure the ends of bracelets, necklaces and chains. They are made with a bar that slips through a round, square or triangle shape.
Translucent Allows light to pass through with enough diffusion to prevent seeing distinct images through it. 
Transparent Allows light to pass through so that objects behind can be distinctly seen.
Turquoise Turquoise is a semi-precious gemstone found in desert regions throughout the world.  It is considered a source of good fortune and beauty.  Interesting matrix patterns are considered to add beauty to the stone.
Vermeil Produced by electrolysis to coat sterling silver with carat gold.
Wire    Beading wire is metal lengths that come in a variety of colors and many gauges or thickness.
Wire Wrapping A contemporary jewelry art form where craft wire is twisted into decorative cages designed to encompass an object.